Taekwon-do is Korean martial art of self defense. Although it formally occured in 20th century the real origins are shrouded in mystery. Modern Taekwon-do differs greatly from other martial arts. In fact, no other martial art is so advanced with regard to the sophistication and effectiveness of its techniques. It concentrates in itself several thousands of exactly described movements and techniques. It teaches selfcontent, level head and discipline. Till now Taekwon-do has managed to win an appreciable number of followers and nowadays there are over 100 millions people living their lives together with it.
During the formal beginning, in 1955, a special board was formed which included leading master instructors, historians, and prominent leaders of society. On the 11th of April, the board summoned by General Choi Hong Hi, decided on the name of Taekwon-Do which had been submitted by him.
The sense of teaching is to prepare a trainee to be able to defend themselves any time and anywhere against one, or even more, aggressors, including those armed. Moreover, the entire form of self defense should be performed with the use of reflex, without prior preparation, or awareness. Among other, no less important parts of teaching, is muscle development and hardening, increasing joint flexibility, practicing speed and dexterity (at special breaking techniques one jumps over 2.5 meters, where at the highest point, a wooden board is broken). Teaching theory is also important – technical, moral, and ethical, which teaches one to support the truth and justice.
In Czech Republic Taekwon-Do has been practiced since 1987, and nowadays, all Czech Taekwon-Do ITF trainees are associated with the Czech Taekwon-Do Federation ITF at tens of registered schools. Teaching supervision in Czech Republic is provided by Korean Master Hwang Ho Yong (9th Degree) since 1987.